Today, a staggering 96 million adults in the United States are prediabetic—and 80% of them don’t even know it, because prediabetes doesn’t usually have any signs or symptoms.
Diabetes is considered one of the world’s top public health burdens. A condition featuring chronic elevated glucose in the bloodstream, diabetes affects approximately 11 percent of the U.S. adult population, and more than one-quarter of adults over 65. The prevalence of diabetes has been increasing in recent decades, in part due to the epidemic of obesity. Chronically elevated glucose levels in diabetes can weaken immunity, promote inflammation, harm blood vessels, raise the risk of heart attacks and strokes and can also cause retinopathy (eye disease), kidney disease, and damage to the nerves.
About 5% of prediabetics will progress to Type 2 Diabetes each year, adding 4.8 million new diabetic patients each year to the disease’s already high clinical and cost burden.